When it comes to a healthy lifestyle, there are many messages about physical activity and healthy eating but what about sleep? Did you know getting enough sleep is just as important as getting enough physical activity when it comes to reducing our risk for chronic disease?
How much sleep do we need?
We spend one third of our whole life asleep!
|Age Range||Recommended Hours of Sleep|
|Newborn||0-3 months old||14-17 hours|
|Infant||4-11 months old||12-15 hours|
|Toddler||1-2 years old||11-14 hours|
|Preschool||3-5 years old||10-13 hours|
|School-age||6-13 years old||9-11 hours|
|Teen||14-17 years old||8-10 hours|
|Young Adult||18-25 years old||7-9 hours|
|Adult||26-64 years old||7-9 hours|
|Older Adult||65 or more years old||7-8 hours|
Why do we need sleep?
Sleep is essential for the body to function properly. It allows the brain and body to rest and recover.
Regular and good quality sleep can:
- Improve your physical, emotional, and brain health
- Reduce your risk of chronic diseases such as: diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and certain cancers
- Improve your cognition, memory and job performance
- Reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression
- Help manage stress
- Have an impact on how active you are during the day
How can we get to sleep and stay asleep?
- Set up a comfortable sleep environment that is cool, dark, and quiet
- Maintain a regular bedtime/wake time. Even on weekends!
- Exercise regularly during the day
- Get outside for natural light exposure during the day – lower lighting in the evening
- Keep your body comfortable: not too full or not too hungry, not too hot or not too cold
- Develop a relaxing bedtime routine that tells your body it’s time to sleep: bath, reading, meditation, yoga, etc.
- Try disconnecting from screens for 30 minutes or more before going to bed.
- Try leaving electronic devices out of your bedroom. If not possible, put on silent or do not disturb mode to avoid checking them during the night
- Avoid caffeine before bed (recommended cut-off time is a minimum of six hours before bedtime)
- Avoid alcohol and nicotine before bed
Please note these are general recommendations and not medical advice. Please consult your health care provider for further information and guidance if your sleep troubles persist, or if you are experiencing ongoing sleep issues.
For more healthy sleep tips visit www.sleepfoundation.org/sleep-hygiene/healthy-sleep-tips
Sleep Tips for Teens (PDF)