Note: the following has been adapted from the Government of Ontario's Smoke-Free Ontario Act (2017) fact sheet: How the Act Affects: Tobacconists. Ce document est disponible en Français. Pour obtenir plus d'information, veuillez communiquez avec un agent avec le bureau de santé publique aux numéro suivant (807) 625-5900.
The Smoke-Free Ontario Act, 2017 prohibits the smoking of tobacco, the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) to vape any substance, and the smoking of cannabis (medical or recreational) in enclosed workplaces and enclosed public places, as well as other designated places in Ontario, to protect workers and the public from second-hand smoke and vapour.
Smoking refers to the smoking or holding of lighted tobacco or cannabis (medical or recreational).
Vaping refers to inhaling or exhaling vapour from an electronic cigarette or holding an activated electronic cigarette, whether or not the vapour contains nicotine.
A tobacconist is a business registered with the local Board of Health that primarily sells specialty tobacco products. This includes tobacco products and accessories (e.g., cigars, pipes, humidors), but does not include cigarettes.
Sales and Inventory
A retailer can register as a tobacconist with the local Board of Health if specialty tobacco products account for at least 85 percent of its total sales in the previous year. If the retailer has been in operation for less than a year, at least 85 percent of the retailer’s total inventory purchases or sales during that time period must relate to specialty tobacco products.
Tobacconists who were registered with the Ministry as of October 16, 2018 must show at least 85% of the inventory in its possession consists of specialty tobacco products, at the time of registration with the local Board of Health.
The remaining up to 15 percent of the store’s revenues or inventory would have to be from cigarettes or other items reasonably associated with a tobacco product or branded with the name of the tobacconist or a brand of tobacco.
Exemption for Tobacconists
A registered tobacconist is permitted to display and promote specialty tobacco products, including heat-not-burn products, if the following conditions are met:
- The specialty tobacco products and promotional material must not be visible from outside the place of business of the tobacconist at any time of day.
- The retailer must not permit someone under 19 years old to enter their store, except for the owner, an employee or a support person accompanying an adult with a disability. A person who appears to be less than 25 years old is considered to be less than 19 years old unless they can provide proper identification.
- Customers can enter the store only from the outdoors or from the areas of an enclosed shopping mall that are:
- Open to the public;
- Common to most of the retail establishments or other businesses within the mall; and
- Not part of a retail establishment or other business within the mall.
- The place of business of the tobacconist must be a building or must be located within a building.
- The store cannot be a thoroughfare (e.g., passageway).
A tobacconist that fails to meet these conditions no longer has the benefit of the display and promotion exemption and must comply with the prohibition on display and promotion.
“No Smoking”, “No Vaping”, or dual signs must be posted at all store entrances, exits, and washrooms, in appropriate locations and sufficient numbers, so that everyone knows that smoking and vaping is not permitted.
All stores selling tobacco products must post, in clear view of the customer at the point of sale:
- A Tobacco Age Restriction sign.
- A Tobacco Product Identification sign.
Tobacconists selling vapour products (e.g., Heat-Not-Burn devices and components) at retail must post, in clear view of the seller and customer at the point of sale:
- A Vapour Product Age Restriction sign.
- A Vapour Product Identification sign.
For information on where to get signs, please contact the Thunder Bay District Health Unit and ask to speak with a tobacco enforcement officer (807) 625-5900.
Applications for registering as a tobacconist are available at the Thunder Bay District Health Unit.
Local public health units will carry out inspections and respond to complaints regarding tobacconist stores to enforce the SFOA, 2017.
There are several penalties that a tobacconist could face for violating the SFOA, 2017. Tobacconists are advised to review the Act to understand their responsibilities, and the fines that may result from failing to comply.
Certain activities prohibited under the Smoke-Free Ontario Act, 2017 are categorized as tobacco sales offences. These include:
- Selling or supplying tobacco to someone under the age of 19;
- Failing to request identification from someone appearing to be less than 25;
- Failing to post the mandatory signs;
- Selling tobacco without the appropriate health warnings;
- Selling tobacco in vending machines; and
- Participating in some activities relating to selling unmarked cigarettes under the Tobacco Tax Act.
If the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care is notified that there are two or more convictions for tobacco sales offences committed in the same location within a five year period, even if the ownership has changed, that location will be subject to an automatic prohibition. This means that location could not sell or store any tobacco and no wholesaler or distributor may deliver tobacco to that location. An automatic prohibition lasts for six, nine or twelve months, depending on the number of convictions for tobacco sales offences that have taken place within the five year period.
Tobacconists are advised to review the SFOA, 2017 to understand more about this penalty.
This fact sheet is intended as a quick reference only and should not be considered to be legal advice. For more information, please contact the Thunder Bay District Health Unit and ask to speak with a tobacco enforcement officer: (807) 625-5900. You may also obtain information by calling toll-free:
- INFOline 1-866-532-3161
- TTY 1-800-387-5559
Hours of operation: Monday to Friday, 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Standard Time)
For specific information on smoking and vaping laws for tobacconists, contact the Thunder Bay District Health Unit and ask to speak with a tobacco enforcement officer: (807) 625-5900.
For more information on the Smoke-Free Ontario Act, 2017, please visit the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care website: ontario.ca/smokefree